Included tooth: This is a tooth that has not erupted in the jaw and remains blocked in the bone, partially or totally. It can cause no symptoms or pain but it can also cause problems like gingivitis, headaches or swelling of the jaw.
Semi-erupted tooth: this is a tooth of which only one part has erupted in the mouth. The other part is still under the gum.
In both cases, the procedure begins with the incision of the gum and then the tooth is cleared by milling the bone. It may be necessary to cut the tooth before extracting it. The closure of the gum is done using resorbable souttures that disappear spontaneously in less than 3 weeks.
Erupted tooth: it is a wisdom tooth that grows naturally and is out. It does not pose more problems than the rest of our teeth.
In this case, the teeth are then simply removed with suitable instruments: pliers.
Your third molars, commonly known as wisdom teeth, are usually the last teeth to come out in your mouth. If they are healthy and functional, your wisdom teeth may be useful, however, their extraction is sometimes necessary in some cases:
- They can cause the movement of other teeth and can cause harm to orthodontic treatment.
- Being difficult to access when brushing, they can have a decay especially if they are semi-erupted (bacteria nest). Given the position of this type of teeth, traditional care is not enough to treat them and it may be wise to extract them.
- In the case of a pericoronitis (an inflammation of the tissues surrounding the tooth) the dentist will first prescribe antibiotics and mouthwashes. If the infection is repeated, an extraction can be considered.
- They can also exert pressure on adjacent teeth, which can lead to permanent damage to these otherwise healthy teeth and to the surrounding bone.
- Semi-erupted wisdom teeth can sometime also lead to the formation of cysts, and in worst-case scenarios, even tumors, which could potentially destroy an entire section of your jaw.
When should I remove my wisdom teeth?
There is not one right answer for everyone. However, if your dentist has informed you that your wisdom teeth seem potentially problematic, it is usually best to remove them as soon as possible.
This advice is based on the fact that the younger you are, the faster the healing is. The likelihood of persistent numbness, a broken jaw, or other complications increases with age. Finally, the longer you leave a troublesome wisdom tooth in your mouth, the more likely it will be to cause problems in the future.