Prosthodontics is the specialty of dentistry dedicated to the diagnosis, restoration and maintenance of function, comfort, appearance and health of the mouth, by the restoration of natural teeth or the replacement of teeth. missing teeth by artificial structures such as:
Fixed prostheses: crown, facet, bridge and complete or partial prosthesis on implants.
Removable prostheses: complete and partial prosthesis
A crown is an artificial tooth used to cover a damaged or decayed tooth. It can be used to restore the shape, appearance and function of a damaged tooth.
Crown placement may also be necessary following root canal treatment, if the tooth has a large filling or is broken. The crowns can also be used to cover discolored teeth or to change the appearance of a tooth.
The facets are small, very thin shells, made of porcelain or composite resin, which are fixed on the front part of the teeth. Porcelain veneers are stronger, do not stain and do not change color. In general, at least 2 visits are required for the application of porcelain veneers, while only one is required for composite resin veneers. In general, porcelain veneers last longer than composite resin veneers.
Facets are not suitable in all cases. Our team can offer treatments other than faceting in certain situations, including:
- If the tooth is decayed or located in a part affected by gum disease, this problem should be addressed first.
- If there is very little enamel left on the tooth, this will prevent the veneers from adhering well.
- If too much of the tooth is missing. The laying of a crown may be an option in such case.
- If the person cringes or grits his teeth. This habit, called bruxism, can damage or break the facets.
What you should know
Veneers are an irreversible treatment since some of the enamel has been removed. Porcelain or composite resin veneers may chip if you are not careful when biting hard foods or chewing food. You must not bite into hard objects like ice cubes or nails. Do not open packages with your teeth.
Fixed bridges are a dental restoration that replaces one or more missing teeth. It is usually formed of an artificial tooth fixed between two crowns. The bridge is held in place by your teeth on either side of the missing tooth (s) or by dental implants. It is permanently attached and can not be removed.
How to take care of your bridge
The life of a fixed bridge is 5 to 10 years. Sometimes they are kept longer. Just like natural teeth, you need to brush your bridge and floss every day. Your dentist will show you how to use a silk threader to floss the center of the bridge under and around the artificial tooth (s). Dental examinations and regular professional cleanings are also important. If you have an implant bridge, you will be shown how to take care of it properly.